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Thursday, December 27, 2018

Heart disease: Types, causes, and treatments,symptoms


What is a heart attack?

A heart attack occurs when the blood flowing through the heart is blocked. Blockage usually consists of deposits of fat, cholesterol and other plaque forming substances in the coronary arteries (coronary arteries).

heart care
HEART DISEASE


The plate eventually breaks and forms a clot. The interrupted blood flow can damage or destroy part of the heart muscle.


A heart attack can be fatal, but the treatment has improved dramatically over the years. If you think you have a heart attack, call 108 for India or 911 for the USA


Accumulation plaque in the arteries or atherosclerosis. As the plaque builds up, the arteries become narrowed, preventing blood from flowing and posing a risk of heart attack or stroke. You can take many steps to prevent heart disease, but everyone must be proactive and take steps to control your risk factors.
healt disease and prevention
heart care and cause

Heart disease refers to the various conditions that impede the ability of the heart and blood vessels to pump and pump blood through the body's passageways. As the body ages, heart function begins to decline, blood is pumped more slowly and less oxygen is consumed during strenuous activities. This decrease increases the risk of heart attacks, heart disease, high blood pressure and stroke in the elderly.

A heart attack occurs when the blood circulation in one part of the heart is blocked by a blood clot. When this clot completely cuts the flow of blood, the part of the heart muscle provided by this artery begins to die. Most people survive their first heart attack and return to normal life to enjoy many years of productive activity. However, if you have a heart attack, you will need to make changes. The doctor will inform you about medications and lifestyle changes, based on the severity of heart damage and the extent to which heart disease has caused the heart attack.

What is the cause of a heart attack?

A heart attack occurs when one or more of your coronary arteries are obstructed. Over time, a coronary artery may shrink due to the accumulation of various substances, including cholesterol (atherosclerosis). This disease, called coronary artery disease, causes most heart attacks.

During a heart attack, one of these plaques can burst and spread cholesterol and other substances in the blood. A blood clot forms at the site of the tear. When large enough, the blood clot can block blood flow into the coronary artery and deprive the heart muscle of oxygen and nutrients (ischemia).

Junk food led to heart disease


You can have a complete or partial block. Complete blockage means that you have had ST-elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI). Partial blockage means that you have had myocardial infarction without NS-ST (NS-STM). The stages of diagnosis and treatment may differ depending on what you have had.

What are the symptoms of a heart attack? Heart disease?

Common signs and symptoms of a heart  attack are:


Ø  Pressure, tightness, pain or feeling of tightness or pain to the neck, jaw.
Ø  Nausea, indigestion, stomach burning or abdominal pain
Ø  Breathlessness
Ø  Cold sweats
Ø  Tiredness
Ø  Sudden dizziness or
Ø  Dizziness
Not all people with heart attacks have
the same symptoms or the same severity of symptoms. Some people are in slight

pain. others are in more pain. Some people have no symptoms; For others, they have, the more likely your heart attack is.



Some heart attacks are sudden, but many

people already show warning signs and symptoms hours, days or weeks before.

The warning may be recurring chest pain or pressure (angina pectoris)

by a transient decrease in blood flow to the heart.

triggered by physical exertion and relieved by rest periods. Angina is caused


What to do in case of a heart attack?

Act immediately. Some people wait too long because they do not recognize the important signs and symptoms. Follow these steps:


·Request emergency medical assistance. If you think you have a heart attack, do not hesitate. Call emergency number 911 or your local emergency number immediately. If you do not have emergency services, have someone take you to the nearest hospital.
Only drive if you have no other options. As your condition may worsen, you and others are at risk.

· Take nitroglycerin if prescribed by a doctor. Take it as directed while waiting for emergency relief.

·Take aspirin if recommended. Taking aspirin during a heart attack can reduce heart damage by preventing blood clotting.

However, aspirin can interact with other medications. Do not take aspirin unless your doctor or emergency medical service recommends it. Do not wait until you call 911 to take aspirin. Call first for help.

Risk factor for heart attack?

Some factors contribute to the unwanted

accumulation of fatty deposits (arteriosclerosis), which narrows the arteries

throughout the body. You can improve or eliminate many of these risk factors to

reduce the likelihood of your first or other heart attack.

Risk factors for heart attack are:
·         Older. Men over the age of 45 and women over 55 are more likely to have a heart attack than men and younger women.
·         Tobacco This includes smoking and long-term exposure to second-hand smoke.
·         Hypertension Over time, high blood pressure can damage the arteries of your heart. High blood pressure, which is associated with other problems such as obesity, high cholesterol or diabetes, additionally increases the risk.
·         High levels of cholesterol or triglycerides in the blood. High levels of low density lipoprotein (LDL cholesterol) (the "bad" cholesterol) tend to shrink the arteries. High levels of triglycerides, a type of blood fat associated with your diet, also increases the risk of heart attack. High-density lipoprotein ("good" cholesterol), however, reduces the risk of heart attack.
·         Obesity. Obesity is associated with high blood cholesterol, triglycerides, high blood pressure and diabetes. However, losing only 10% of your body weight can reduce this risk.
·         Diabetes. If you do not produce enough hormone that is released from your pancreas (insulin), or if you do not respond properly to insulin, your body's blood sugar levels will increase, increasing the risk of heart attack.
·         Metabolic syndrome. This happens when you are overweight, high blood pressure and blood sugar. The metabolic syndrome is twice as likely to have heart disease than if you did not have it.
·         Family history of a heart attack. If your siblings, parents or grandparents had an early heart attack (aged 55 for men and 65 for women), there is an increased risk.
·         Lack of physical activity Inactivity contributes to high cholesterol and obesity in people who exercise regularly have better cardiovascular disease, including low blood pressure.
·         Stress. They can respond to stress to increase the risk of heart attack.
·         Illegal drug use. The use of stimulants such as cocaine or amphetamines can trigger a spasm of the coronary arteries, which can trigger a heart attack.
·         A story of preeclampsia. This condition causes high blood pressure during pregnancy and increases the risk of heart disease throughout life.
·         An autoimmune disease. A disease such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus may increase the risk of heart attack.
Preventing Heart Disease | How can I cure a heart attack?

It's never too late to take steps to

prevent a heart attack, even if you had one. Here you can prevent a heart

attack.

·         Drugs. Taking medicines can reduce the risk of heart attack and improve the function of your damaged heart. Continue to take what your doctor has prescribed for you and ask your doctor how often you should be monitored.

·         Lifestyle factors. They know how to: Maintain a healthy weight with a healthy diet for the heart, not smoking, exercising regularly, coping with stress and controlling conditions that can lead to heart attacks such as high blood pressure, cholesterol and diabetes.

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