This Website is all about Health Tips, Remedies and Fitness Tips.

Monday, December 24, 2018

What is Diabetes- Diabetes Definition, Diagnose, Treatment.

What is Diabetes? Diabetes Definition.

diabetes treatment
Diabetes Definition

Diabetes is a disease that affects the body's processing of blood sugar, also called blood sugar. In the United States, the estimated number of people over 18 years with diagnosis and undiagnosed diabetes is 30,200,000. The number represents between 27.9 and 32.7 percent of the population. Without constant cautious treatment, diabetes can lead to an accumulation of sugars in the blood, which can increase the risk of dangerous complications such as stroke and heart disease. Different types of diabetes can occur and the treatment of the disease depends on the type. Not all forms of diabetes are due to a person being overweight or having an inactive lifestyle. In fact, some are present from childhood.
Diabetes is a series of disorders that cause problems with the insulin hormone. Usually, the pancreas (an organ behind the stomach) releases insulin to help your body use the sugar and fat from the food you eat. Diabetes can occur when the pancreas produces very little or no insulin, or the body does not respond adequately to insulin. So far there is no cure. People with diabetes need to cope with their illness in order to stay healthy.

Symptoms of Diabetes You Shouldn't Ignore

Here I am going to tell you few symptoms of diabetes. If you find any one symptom in your body you must consult your doctor immediately.
Hunger And Fatigue: Your body converts the food you eat into glucose, which your cells use to generate energy. But your cells need an hormone called insulin to bring in the glucose. If your body do not make enough insulin or if your cells resist the insulin your body which it produces, then the glucose can not invade and you have no energy. This can make you hungrier and tired than usual.

More often Pissing and Feeling Thirsty: Usually the average person has to pee between four and seven times within 24 hours, but people with diabetes can do much more. Why? Normally, your body absorbs glucose as it passes through your kidneys. But if diabetes upsets your blood sugar , your kidneys may not be able to take everything back. This causes the body to make more urine and this requires fluid. You have to go more often. You could also piss more. Because you pee so much, you can become very thirsty. If you drink more, you also pee more.

Slow healing of Wounds or Cuts: Over time, high blood sugar levels can affect your blood flow and cause nerve damage that makes it difficult for your body to heal wounds.

Dry Mouth And Itchy Skin:. As your body uses fluids to piss, there is less moisture left for other body organs. They could become dehydrated and your mouth can feel dry. Dry skin can produce itch to you.

Pain Or Numbness In The Feet Or Legs: This is another episode of nerve damage.

Unexpected Weight Loss: If your body does not draw energy from your diet, it will instead burn muscle and fat to produce energy. You can lose weight even if you have not changed your diet.

Nausea And Vomiting: When your body burns fat, it causes the production of a hormone called "ketones". These can settle in the blood at dangerous levels, a potentially life-threatening condition known as diabetic ketoacidosis. Ketones can make you sick.

Blurred vision: If you changes the fluid level in your body, the lenses in your eyes may swell. They change their shape and lose their ability to concentrate.

If you feel these symptoms of diabetes in your body than you should consult your doctor as soon as possible.

Diabetes Diagnosis

Diabetes Definition
Diabetes Diagnose

Symptoms of type 1 diabetes often occur suddenly and are the reason for the control of blood sugar levels. Because the symptoms of other types of diabetes and pre diabetes appear gradually or are not obvious, the American Diabetes Association (ADA) has recommended screening guidelines. The ADA recommends that the following individuals be screened for diabetes:
Individuals with a body mass index of over 25 (23 for Asian Americans), regardless of age, of additional risk factors such as high blood pressure, abnormal cholesterol, a sedentary lifestyle, a history polycystic ovary syndrome or heart disease and a close relative with diabetes.
All persons over the age of 45 are advised to undergo a first blood glucose screening and then, if the results are normal, to screen every three years.
Women who have gestational diabetes are advised to be tested for diabetes every three years. Any patient diagnosed with prediabetes is advised to be tested every year. Tests for type 1 and type 2 diabetes

Hemoglobin (A1C) Test: This blood test, which does not require fasting, indicates the average blood sugar level of the past two to three months. It measures the percentage of blood sugar bound to hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying protein in red blood cells.
The higher the blood sugar level, the more hemoglobin you have with sugar. An A1C level of 6.5 percent or greater in two separate tests indicates that you have diabetes. An A1C between 5.7 and 6.4 percent indicates that you have pre diabetes. Below 5.7 it is considered that it is normal.
If the results of the A1C test are inconsistent, the test is not available or you have certain conditions that may cause the A1C test to become inaccurate - for example, if you are pregnant or have an unusual form of hemoglobin (called a hemoglobin variant) ) - Your doctor may use the following tests to diagnose diabetes

Random Blood Glucose Test: A blood sample will be taken at random. Regardless of the last time you ate, a random blood sugar level of 200 milligrams per milliliter (mg / dl) - 11.1 millimoles per liter (mmol / L) - or higher indicates diabetes.
Blood Sugar Test During Fasting A blood sample will be taken overnight after one night. A fasting blood glucose level of less than 100 mg / dL (5.6 mmol / L) is normal. Fasting blood glucose levels of 100 to 125 mg / dL (5.6 to 6.9 mmol / L) are considered pre diabetes. If it is 126 mg / dl (7 mmol / l) or more in two separate tests, you have diabetes.
Oral glucose tolerance test. For this test, fast overnight and the fasting blood sugar level is measured. Then drink a sugary liquid and the blood sugar level will be checked regularly for the next two hours.

A blood sugar level in body of less than 140 mg / dl (7.8 mmol / l) is normal. And reading of more than 200 mg / dL (11.1 mmol / L) after two hours indicates diabetes and a reading between 140 and 199 mg / dL (7.8 mmol / L and 11.0 mmol / L) indicates that you have pre diabetes.
If you are suspected of having type 1 diabetes, your urine will be screened for the presence of a by-product that results in the energy production of muscle and adipose tissue because the body does not have enough insulin to use the available glucose (ketones). Your doctor will probably also run a test to see if you have the destructive immune system cells associated with type 1 diabetes called autoantibodies.
Gestational Diabetes Tests Your doctor will probably evaluate your risk factors for gestational diabetes early in pregnancy: If you are at high risk for gestational diabetes - for example, if you were obese at the beginning of your pregnancy; They had gestational diabetes during a previous pregnancy; or you have a mother, father, sibling, or child with diabetes - your doctor can do a diabetes test on your first prenatal visit.
If you have an average risk of gestational diabetes,to have a gestational diabetes you are likely screening test during your second trimester - usually between 24 and 28 weeks of gestation. Your doctor may use the following screening tests:
diabetes treatment

Initial Glucose Test. You start the glucose test by drinking a syrupy glucose solution. An hour later you have a blood test to measure your blood sugar level. Blood glucose levels below 140 mg / dL (7.8 mmol / L) are usually considered normal for a glucose challenge test, although this may vary in certain clinics or laboratories.

If your blood sugar level is higher than normal, it just means that you have a higher risk of gestational diabetes. Your doctor will do a follow-up test to see if you have gestational diabetes. Follow-up glucose tolerance test. For the follow-up test you will be asked to fast overnight and then to measure your fasting blood sugar level. Then drink another sweet solution - it contains a higher glucose concentration - and your blood sugar level is checked hourly for three hours.
If at least two of the blood glucose readings are above the normal values ​​determined for each of the three hours of testing, gestational diabetes is diagnosed.


Diabetes Treatment

Type 1 diabetes can be treated with:
  1. Insulin Injections
  2. Exercising and
  3. Following Type 1 diabetes diet
Activities prescribed in diabetes medications (oral or injected)should work. If these measures do not control the elevated blood sugar levels of type 2 diabetes. If other types of medications becomes ineffective, start treatment treatment with insulin.

Type 2 Diabetes Medicines

These medicines should not be taken by pregnant or breastfeeding women. At present, the only recommended way to combat diabetes in women who are pregnant or breastfeeding is to take a diet, exercise and insulin therapy. You should talk to your doctor if you are taking these medications, are considering pregnancy or if you became pregnant while taking these medications.
Medications for type 2 diabetes are developed to increase:
  1. Increase in insulin output from the pancreas
  2. Decrease in the amount of glucose released from the liver.
  3. Increase the sensitivity (response) of the cells to insulin,
  4. decrease in the absorption of carbohydrates from the intestine
  5. slow depletion of the stomach

Thereby delaying nutrient Digestion and absorption in the small intestine.
A preferred drug may provide more than one benefit (eg, lower blood sugar and control of cholesterol). Different combinations of medications can control diabetes. Not every patient with type 2 diabetes will benefit from any drug, and not every drug is suitable for every patient.
All this for today share this article for helping others.

No comments:

Post a Comment